Lifestyle evolution
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Official name: Republic of Estonia

Head of State: President Toomas-Hendrik Ilves.

Constitution: passed on 28th of June 1992

Type: parliamentary democracy

Government: Parliamentary Republic, single chamber Parliament (Riigikogu) of 101 members

Electoral systems: proportional representation

Administrative division: 15 counties, 33 towns and 194 rural municipalities

Highest judicial power: Supreme Court

Currency: Euro (since 1.1.2011)

National Holiday: Independence Day, February 24th

Area: 45,227 square km

Islands: Estonia is rich with islands. 1521 islands, the biggest of which are Saaremaa and Hiiumaa (in comparation neighboring Latvia has 1 minor island)

Population: 1.340 million

Capital: Tallinn

Other Major Cities: Tartu, Narva , Kohtla-Järve , Pärnu, Haapsalu

Neighbors: Finland in the north, Russia in the east, Sweden in the west, Latvia in the south

Language: The official language in Estonia is Estonian which belongs to the Finno-Ugric language family and is closely related to Finnish. Russian is widely spoken and is the mother tongue of 28% of the population. Also Finnish, English and German are widely spoken.

Religion: Protestant, Russian Orthodox, Greek Orthodox, Russian Orthodox, Baptist, Methodist and Roman Catholic. The ancient Estonian religion (still active) is called Taara.

Economic relations: Estonia’s main trade partners are Finland, Russia, Sweden and Latvia. Lying in the center of the Baltic Sea Region, where a 90mln urban population resides, its geographical position gives many advantages. The BSR is considered one of the most prosperous regions in the world. Cultural ties with Finland contribute to economic relations between the two countries. Some 4000 companies have been opened in Estonia by Finnish citizens. Trade with Russia has regained its importance and follows a constant growing trend.

Technology: Estonia is among one of the most interneticized countries in the world. The Estonian Parliament declared internet access a basic human right, and is ahead of EU countries like France and Italy when it comes to the use of mobile phones and internet connections. “If the Internet was reborn as a country, it would be Estonia” (UN Development program administrator M.M. Brown). Skype is an example of Estonia’s success stories, as it was invented here. ID-card digital signature system makes it easy for non-residents to do business as one needs no physical presence for many transactions and contracts.

Estonia map

Map: Estonia. Distances from Pärnu.

Tallinn is located only 67 km from Helsinki, and only 317 km from St Petersburg, 378 km from Stockholm. Over 90 mln people live in the Baltic Sea Region – one of the most prosperous areas in the world. In the range of 500 km from Tallinn, some 25 mln people live in urban areas.

Estonia main economic indicators

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